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The Minister of Public Health and Social Assistance, Carlos Soto, said today that the country is “heading” in the eradication of tuberculosis and added that the main problem is that patients leave the treatments.
“We are fighting to eradicate tuberculosis. We are on the right track”, explained the official to the press during an activity commemorating the International Day for the Fight against Tuberculosis, which takes place every March 24.
5 departments are the most affected in Guatemala
In Latin America, this disease affects especially groups of people of productive age, with HIV, diabetes, deprived of liberty and immunosuppression.
In 2017 in Guatemala, 3,641 cases were detected, of which 3,202 were lung-related and 280 of them in children.
“After so many years, it is a scourge that is still giving us problems”, summarized Soto, who noted that one of the biggest complications is that the patient “leaves the treatment halfway”, which causes it “to become resistant to normal drugs, forcing themselves to resort to the latest generation, which are much more expensive.”
The more affected departments by this disease are Escuintla, Suchitepéquez, Retalhuleu, San Marcos and Quetzaltenango; and the ages with more incidence are between 19 and 45 years old.
The mortality rate for this ailment was established at 1.9 per 100 thousand inhabitants.
Tuberculosis (TB) is a bacterial infection caused by a germ called Mycobacterium tuberculosis that mainly attacks the lungs, but can damage other parts of the body.
This disease is spread through the air when a person with pulmonary tuberculosis coughs, sneezes or speaks. Its main symptoms may include severe cough for more than three weeks, abrupt weight loss, coughing or spitting up blood or mucus, weakness or fatigue, fevers or chills and night sweats.
Source: “Centro América” Newspaper